Archives September 2017

Nordic Flat Rolled Steel

Nordic Flat Product Prices Pulled in Opposite Directions in April

Regional mills’ input costs are rising but they are struggling to fill their production capacity. Competitively priced import offers are scarce, while local purchasing activity is, mostly, quite weak. Consequently, the majority of selling values reported are slightly down. The remainder are unchanged, with the expectation of imminent reductions.

Demand for hot rolled coil, in Denmark, is subdued. End-users, in Sweden, are reluctant to pay more and distributors attempted to minimise price rises in their quarterly agreements with producers. Sales volumes remain satisfactory, in Norway, but buyers are becoming hesitant. 

Plate-consuming sectors, other than agricultural equipment, in Denmark, are performing well. The prospect of falling inventory values is making buyers cautious. Swedish construction activity is slowing. Plate consumption was down, in Finland, in the first three months of 2019, compared with the year earlier figure. No pickup in demand is detected. Sales tonnages, in Norway, are satisfactory. 

Ex-mill delivery lead times, for cold rolled coil, are declining, in Denmark. Asian import offer prices are not much cheaper than locally produced material and, therefore, not very attractive. Sales tonnages are down, slightly, in Sweden. The weak Swedish krona makes mill purchase costs expensive. Coils are readily available, in Norway.

Demand for coated sheet and coil, from the German and Swedish automotive supply chains, remains subdued. Orders from the local building sector, in Denmark, however, are at a reasonable level. Sales of galvanised sheet and coil are fair, in Sweden. Activity, in the Finnish automotive and construction segments, is poor. Demand remains muted, in Norway. 

In Sweden, demand, for drawing quality wire rod, is mixed. Customers in several sectors report a slowdown, while others remain busy. The market for mesh quality material is softening. Supply is plentiful. Raw material costs have risen, in Finland, but ex-mill selling values are down. Order volumes, from the automotive industry, are weak.

European producers of medium sections and beams sought price increases, in Denmark, in April, but, eventually, struggled to maintain rollover figures. Demand is on the downward part of the current cycle, in Sweden. Exchange rate fluctuations are affecting local prices. Sales volumes are relatively stable, in Finland, but forecasts suggest a negative trend.

Reinforcing bar demand is quite good, in Denmark. Many new residential building and infrastructure schemes are in progress. Sales tonnages, in Sweden, are similar to those during the same period, twelve months ago. Rapid utilisation of the EC safeguarding quotas could lead to price increases, in Europe. A seasonal pickup in activity is reported, in Finland. Many stockists bought large volumes, from Russia, before the quota tonnage was utilised.

Prior to recent developments in the Brexit negotiations, buyers of merchant bars in Denmark, and elsewhere, reported a reluctance to place orders with UK producers, fearing the application of tariffs, in the event of a “no-deal” outcome. Swedish demand reduced, year-on-year, but is steady, at an acceptable level. Finnish sales tonnages are stable. The local market is heavily influenced by Russian suppliers. Norwegian purchasers report consistent offer prices from Chinese and Russian suppliers, while those from Turkey are rising.

Source: MEPS European Steel Review Supplement


Uncertainties Plague EU Steel Market – MEPS

Strip mill product basis prices began to stabilise in southern Europe, in April, whilst small downward corrections were noted in the north. Overall demand, in the region, is subdued. Sentiment is poor – badly affected by the ongoing reduction in orders from the automotive sector. Moreover, in many countries, concern exists about Brexit, especially if a ‘no deal’ scenario is the outcome. The general weakness of a number of key European economies, together with local and European elections, in May, are exacerbating the feeling of uncertainty.

The substantial import tonnages that arrived at the start of the year will take time to work through the supply chain. The availability of this material allows buyers to adopt a ‘wait and see’ attitude towards ordering from domestic sources. 

In Germany, steel demand remains relatively low, due to the marked slowdown in the auto sector. The typical first quarter restocking process failed to materialise, this year. In the distribution sector, severe competition has developed, as companies try to generate cash by reducing stock levels. Pressure from end-users is forcing them to reject the steelmakers’ price hike proposals, because their margins are already being squeezed. The differential between domestic and import prices is quite narrow.

In France, buyers negotiated limited discounts on their purchases of strip mill products. Business activity is lacklustre, amidst relatively high inventories. Customers note that a number of domestic mills are selling quite aggressively in order to try to fill their production schedules. They anticipate further price declines. Those local service centres dealing primarily with the auto industry are now experiencing a slowdown in volumes. Forecasts suggest a drop of 5 percent, year-on-year, for tonnages sold to the carmakers. Import offers are uncompetitive, currently.

Italian manufacturing business conditions continued to worsen, in March. A rapid downturn in orders led to reduced output. This badly affected the steel market. The recent uptick in strip mill product prices came to a halt, with basis values stabilising or developing marginal weakness. Downstream steel demand is dismal. Service centres are under pressure from end-users, who are reluctant to pay increased resale prices. Buyers are purchasing with extreme caution. Downgraded economic growth forecasts, plus the impending European elections, in May, provide additional uncertainties.

Mainland European mills have plenty of material to sell into the UK market. For the moment, strip mill product selling values have been maintained. Distributors report that demand, with the exception of auto-related sectors, is holding up, despite the uncertainties associated with Brexit. Distributors’ resale margins are tighter than of late but still acceptable.

A lack of activity is noticeable in the Belgian market, in April. Demand from end-users, both large and small, is weak. A number of major service centres are offering promotional resale prices, in order to reduce their inventories. As a result of this negative scenario, the steelmakers, whose order books are poor, have discounted basis values of strip mill products by around €10 per tonne. MEPS notes little influence from imports, which are similarly priced to material from European sources.

Spain’s manufacturing sector returned to growth, during March, albeit only marginally. The steel market is relatively stable, with regional variations between the north and south of the country. Nevertheless, market sentiment is negative, due to the impact that the approaching summer vacation period will have on demand and the unwillingness of end-users to pay increased prices. New import quotations are very similar to those from domestic suppliers. Although service centre sales volumes are better than earlier in the year, resale values do not reflect replacement costs.

Source: MEPS European Steel Review


MMK Workers in steel mill

MMK Selects Paul Wurth for Modernisation of Blast Furnace Cooling System

As part of its development strategy, PAO “MMK” (Magnitogorsk, Chelyabinsk region, Russia) will conduct a complete overhaul of its No. 2 blast furnace in 2020. After fundamental renewal and modernisation, the blast furnace will appear as a structure without a lintel ring. In this project, Paul Wurth will help MMK define the profile of the modernised furnace by considering the raw materials base and process conditions of the customer. Detail engineering will be provided for the high-heat loaded bosh and belly areas, cooling elements and primary cooling system. Paul Wurth will also supply horizontally arranged copper cooling plates, highly conductive graphite refractory bricks and ramming mass. A complete set of EIC equipment for the dedicated pump house with heat exchangers and the related cooling circuit will be part of the deliverables. On-site supervision will be performed during pre-shutdown and shutdown periods until commissioning.

Paul Wurth received this order as a result of a tender which was explicitly calling for a system with horizontal cooling elements. The supply contract between Paul Wurth and MMK became effective in the beginning of the current year. A challenging schedule foresees fulfilment of the contract obligations within fifteen months.

At present, MMK’s BF No. 2 is a typical furnace developed by AO “Magnitogorskiy Gipromez” with an inner volume of 1 380 cubic meters, two tapholes and a daily production of 3 800 tons of hot metal. In March 2010, it was equipped with a compact-type BLT®, developed by Paul Wurth. In total, six original Paul Wurth Bell Less Top® charging systems are being operated at MMK’s ironmaking facilities.

Source: Paul Wurth


The teams of AMERICAN SpiralWeld Pipe and SMS group after contract signing.

SMS Group to Supply New Production Facility For Spiral-Welded Pipes To American Spiralweld Pipe

  • Resource-efficient spiral pipe production

AMERICAN SpiralWeld Pipe Company LLC. has awarded SMS group an order covering the supply of a new Online Spiral Pipe Mill, to be installed in a new greenfield plant (“Plant 3”) at Paris, Texas, U.S.A.

SMS group will be responsible for the engineering, supply and supervision of erection and commissioning of a coil preparation stand and a spiral pipe machine with submerged-arc welding (PERFECT arc®). SMS group’s PERFECT arc® technology enables energy savings of up to 30 percent compared to competitor plants.

The new spiral-pipe production facility is scheduled to start producing in 2020. Material grades up to X-70 can be processed. The pipes will mainly be produced as water pipes according to AWWA (American Water Works Association) standards. The new line will be designed to make pipes of more than 16 meters (55 feet) length with an outside diameter ranging from 610 to 3,658 millimeters (24 to 144 inches). The maximum wall thickness will be 25.4 millimeters (1.0 inch). The mill will operate in the so-called one-step (“online”) process with submerged-arc welding from the inside and outside taking place directly after spiral pipe forming.

Often the productivity of spiral pipe welding systems is restricted by the welding speeds of submerged arc welding. PERFECT arc® power sources allow an increase in productivity of up to 20 percent, while process stability remains constant. The systems operate with IGBT (Insulated-Gate Bipolar Transistor) power electronics with fully digital welding current control. No transformers are required. As a result, the welding machines can attain an efficiency rate of over 90 percent. Compared to older welding techniques, significant energy savings (up to 30 percent) are possible, depending on the operating point.

This new plant will enable AMERICAN SpiralWeld Pipe to expand its production by a very high tonnage of spiral-welded steel pipes for the municipal water and wastewater transmission markets, industrial, hydroelectric and power markets including large diameter fabrication for treatment plants and pump stations.

Source: SMS Group


Global Stainless Steel Price Upturn Anticipated

Rising raw material costs have combined with traditional, seasonal factors to provide expectations for a strong recovery in stainless steel prices during the second trimester of 2019. LME nickel costs followed an upward trend from the beginning of January until early March.

Market participants, correctly, predicted a rise in the European ferrochrome contract, in the second quarter. Consequently, suppliers were encouraged to push for an uplift in nominal basis prices. In February, most ex-mill transaction values, for 300-series coils, rose by more than the hike in alloy extras. This introduced the hope, among producers, that basis figures would begin to recover to a level that would represent profitable operations, for the mills. 

In March 2019, European alloy surcharges, for austenitic flat products, increased, substantially, after falling consistently since the last peak figure, in July 2018. Regional mills proposed further increments to nominal basis values. However, in a climate of moderate demand, buyers consider that the latest rise in alloy extras is as much as the market could withstand. 

Nickel values softened, after reaching a high point in early March. As a result, the recently published alloy surcharges for April represent a less dramatic increase than was recorded in the previous month. In this environment, European mills will continue to seek increased nominal basis prices. MEPS believes that they will achieve modest success, in this endeavour.

In the United States, the leading producer, North American Stainless, announced basis price hikes for austenitic hot rolled plate and round bars, effective from April 1. Given the producer’s powerful position in the market, these proposals are receiving little resistance. Conversely, in the hot and cold rolled coil sector, steep rises in alloy surcharges were offset by mediocre demand. As a consequence, basis values softened, in March. With further increases to alloy extras published for April – and forecast for May – US producers are likely to find difficulties in lifting basis prices, in the near term.

In the Far East, small rises were recorded, for 300-series coil values. The growing raw material costs were tempered by subdued demand, high inventory levels and excess production capacity. The Tsingshan plant, in Indonesia, continues to expand material availability, and apply downward pressure to prices, in the region. MEPS predicts further marginal increases in Asian selling figures, in the coming months. 

Source: MEPS Stainless Steel Review


Steel Coil loading onto boat at a port in the emerging steel markets

Rising Raw Material Costs Drive Steel Prices Upwards in Emerging Markets

In Brazil, steel buyers are reluctant to conclude deals in the current difficult market conditions. Several purchasers of flat products indicate that the latest upward price initiative is unwarranted and does not reflect real demand. However, the Instituto Nacional dos Distribuidores de Aço (Inda) reports that, in February 2019, domestic flat rolled finished steel sales totalled 309,800 tonnes – up 19.3 percent, compared with the corresponding figure in the previous year. Nonetheless, the association is projecting that distributor and service centre sales fell by nearly 5 percent, this month.

The trading environment is slow, in the Russian Federation. Distributors found it difficult to pass on this month’s upward price adjustment to their domestic customers. Many end-user groups are adopting “wait and see” positions, anticipating that more attractive transaction values will be available, in the near future. Meanwhile, domestic steel producers, Evraz and NLMK, are reported to be planning to manufacture more high value-added finished steel products, this year. 

Escalating input expenditure is exerting upward pressure on flat rolled product prices, in India. However, procurement activity was slightly weaker than forecast in the period following the Holi festival. MEPS detects a reluctance on the part of end-users to commit to forward orders. Purchasing activity amongst construction firms is tepid, at present. Local steelmakers are seeking to expand their overseas business opportunities, as a result.

The outlook for the Ukrainian market is unchanged. Domestic steelmakers are forecasting that the second quarter will be a challenging trading period. The likelihood of improvement is limited. Traditionally, the construction season commences in mid-April. Overseas sales are still very competitive. Exporters are looking to increase shipments to alternative destinations. 

Turkish distributors and traders retain a cautious outlook for the second quarter, with many wary of carrying too much inventory over the next two months. They fear a price correction. Exporters are focusing on the Asian market, owing to increased competition, from Chinese, Russian, Ukrainian and Indian suppliers, in the Middle East and North African regions. 

Demand for construction steel in the United Arab Emirates is tepid. The distribution network is in a ‘wait and see’ mode, noting that underlying demand is insufficient to support the rising transaction values. Importers are also hesitant about booking forward orders, with the month of Ramadan (commencing May 5) and summer season looming. During this period, business traditionally slackens in the finished steel segment. 

The South African market is quiet, with little improvement in activity noted. Bearish local stockists are forecasting that sales volumes will stay muted in the second quarter of 2019 – highlighting that end-user groups are purchasing material only for immediate needs. 

The trading environment is lethargic, in Mexico. Nevertheless, local steel producers are attempting to implement further price advances, in order to recoup their escalating outlay on raw materials. Meanwhile, the national chamber of iron and steel industry, CANACERO, has welcomed the Ministry of Economy’s decision to renew the import measures (valid from March 26). The legislation will expand to cover 186 steel related products – previously, 97 items were incorporated. The tariffs of 15 percent on imports of hot rolled coil, cold rolled coil and wire rod expired on January 31, this year. 

Source: MEPS Developing Markets Steel Review